Sunday, October 18, 2020

October - Breast Cancer Awarness month.

 The most common type of cancer on the list is breast cancer, with 279,100 new cases expected in the United States in 2020.     The disease is rare in women younger than 25 years, and the incidence increases with increasing age, reaching a plateau in women aged 50-69 years. In 2017, 50% of all new cases of invasive breast cancer occurred in women 50 to 69 years of age.


A personal history of breast lumps or cysts.
A family history of breast cancer.
Radiation exposure
Beginning your period at a younger age Say before 12 yrs
Beginning menopause at an older age.
Having your first child at an older age.
​Having never been pregnant.
​Postmenopausal hormone therapy.
​Drinking alcohol.


New lump in the breast or underarm (armpit).
​Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
​Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
​Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.
​Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
​Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.


Depends on the stage of cancer.
It may consist of chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy and surgery.

Breast cancer can cause changes in skin cells that lead to feelings of pain, tenderness, and discomfort in the breast. Although breast cancer is often painless, it is important not to ignore any signs or symptoms that could be due to breast cancer. Some people may describe the pain as a burning sensation.

Self assessment

Place a pillow under your right shoulder and your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers around your right breast gently covering the entire breast area and armpit. Use light, medium, and firm pressure. Squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps.Breast cancer survival rates have increased, and the number of deaths associated with this disease is steadily declining, largely due to factors such as earlier detection, a new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.

Monday, September 14, 2020


 Swaddling is a traditional technique of wrapping up baby gently, with a blanket to keep them warm and sleep well.
Swaddling is comforting to baby because it provides similar feel to that of mother’s womb.

Benefits of Swaddling

•    Improve baby’s quality of sleep
•    Soothens your crying baby

Points to remember while swaddle

•    Always keep baby on their back for safety
•    Never swaddle baby with a pacifier in their mouth.
•    Don’t swaddle too tightly.
•    Use a light weight & breathable blanket.
•    Make sure baby’s hips are loose.

How long can we swaddle the baby?

 The first three months of your baby’s life in the process of transitional fourth month. The idea is that the first trimester of your baby’s life is a complex transition period for them after they emerge from the womb to the outside world. Considering this, it makes sense that babies would enjoy being  gently wrapped as they feel secure like they did in the womb

Sunday, September 23, 2018

Pacifiers - Advantage & Disadvantage


                    As a parent ,your baby’s comfort is your highest priority.Pacifiers   are one such soother for babies.It helps parents to calm down their  cranky babies.Almost all babies have sucking reflex.Some babies even suck their fingers before they are born.Sucking not only helps them to get nutrition but also has a soothing  and calming effect.Therefore many parents prefer pacifiers as a great tool for calming babies.
               The important point to remember is that a pacifier isn’t an alternative for feeding,but if the baby is irritated even after having feed you can use pacifiers.It is essential to introduce pacifiers at the right age and ensure that the baby given up the habit eventually.If you are breast feeding you have to wait for 3 to 4 weeks to introduce pacifiers or until you have reached an effective nursing routine.
              Like any other objects ,pacifiers also have advantages and disadvantages.It depends upon the way and method introduced.


             -It soothes a cranky baby
             -It offers temporary distraction
             -It helps your baby to fall asleep
             -It helps to lower sudden death infant syndrome
             -It is disposable-when we want to stop pacifiers ,we can throw it away easily,but if a baby have a habit of sucking fingers or thumb it wil be difficult to get rid of the habit


             -Early use may interfere breast feeding
                        Breast feeding and sucking are different actions,which may bring nipple confusion.It will interrupt successful breast feeding.
              -It can impact dental and oral cavity health
                          Long term use can affect baby’s dental health.Those who use pacifiers after 4 years have misalignment of tooth.
              -Risk of ear infection
                          Unclean pacifiers can cause ear infection.Studies have shown that ear infection is high in babies who  use pacifiers compared to those who don’t.
               -Your baby may get addicted to pacifiers.

      Tips for using pacifiers

              If your baby refuses to use pacifiers ,try for next day or few days later.If baby still refuses don’t force.Pacifiers are useful but not compulsory.
             Also never use flavoured,sweetened,and scented pacifiers.These pacifiers may cause dental issues and oral infections.Always keep it safe and clean.Also don’t use broken pacifiers ,which may cause choking.
             Never give pacifiers immediately after giving medicines
            Don’t make your own pacifiers with nipples or any other materials.

When to stop?

             As your baby become older ,it will become difficult to stop the habit.Start to wean baby after 6 months older.If you want to give up the habit slowly ,limit the use of pacifiers to sleep time or nap time only.But don’t go for pacifiers after 2 years of age.
           Pacifiers are the best solution when your baby fussiness becomes uncontrollable.When used correctly pacifiers make an excellent parenting tool that helps you to save many sleepless nights.

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Saturday, September 8, 2018

Newborn baby Breathing.

Breathing of a newborn

Newborn breathing can have different sounds and patterns.They tend to have
irregular breathing patterns which will make parents panic.If you become familiar with these sounds
it will help you to understand normal and abnormal sounds.They can breathe fast,take long pause
between breaths.

Understand newborn breathing

To understand baby’s breathing spend some time with your baby,whether awake or
asleep.Breathing sound and pattern vary depeding on what baby is doing
Babies are natutal nose breathers and not mouth breathers.This is what, which helps
them to breathe and eat at the same time.They breathe exclusively through nose about 6 months
and by one year they will breathe more through mouth.
While adults breathe between 15-20 times per minute new born have to take
more.They must breathe more often as they have smaller lungs.Generally a newborn breathe about
30-60 times per minute.This can slow down to 20 times per minute while they are sleeping.By about
6 months it will be 20-40 per minute.New born can take rapid breathe as well as they can pause for
upto 10 seconds ,which will be alarming for parents.
Breathing sounds

  • Gurgling-it might be due to saliva pooling at back of mouth
  • Whistling-as the nasal passage of newborn is small you can hear whistling sound.This might be due to blockage in the nostril which will become cleared when suction is done
  • Barking cough with hoarse cry-this may be from windpipe blockage
  • Wheezing-can be a sign of blockage or narrowing of lower airways.Blockage might be because of asthma or pneumonia
  • Fast breathe-it can be due to fever or other infections.
  • Snoring-due to mucous in nostrils
  • Hiccups

When to consult a doctor breath sounds

  • A persistent cough or wheezing including barking cough
  • A high temperature or fever
  • Distinct flaring of nose which indicates increased effort to breathe
  • If baby pause breathing foe more than 10 seconds
  • When baby begins to turn blue

Most of the noisy breathing is not a sign of any serious issues.Baby will stop
these sounds by the time they reach 1 year.But be cautious ,don’t neglect all
the abnormal sounds.

Sunday, July 8, 2018

How To Take Care Of Umbilical Cord In New Born Babies ?

How To Take Care Of Umbilical Cord In New Born Babies ?

        Babies in the womb receives nutrition through umbilical cord. After your baby is born the umbilical cord is clamped and cut close to your baby’s body. It leaves an umbilical stump attached to the baby’s belly button.
          The stump will dry up and fall off in 1 to 2 weeks. It will take a little care and attention to prevent irritation and infection.

Taking care of the stump

          The stump will change from bluish white to black as it dries and eventually falls.

  • Keep the stump clean: If the stump becomes dirty or sticky clean with plain water and dry it by a clean cloth.
  • Keep the stump dry: Expose the stump to air as it help to dry out the base of the stump. Keep the diaper away from the stump. It will prevent contact with urine and also expose the stump to air.
  • Baby bath: Don’t bath baby in a tub or sink before the cord has fallen off. If your baby take bath make sure to dry it completely but don’t rub it dry as it could cause irritation.
  • Dress delicately: Choose loose fitting clothes that doesn’t press against the stump
  • Never pull off the stump: Resist the temptation to pull off the stump yourself as it could start bleeding.

Signs of umbilical cord infection

          Infections are rare, but be careful if

  •   Your baby cries when you touch the cord or skin next to it
  • Skin around the cord is red and swollen.
  • If there is any foul smell or pus discharge.
  •  Also call the doctor if the stump bleeds continuously.

Saturday, July 7, 2018

New Born baby Sleeping Pattern

Sleep of babies

            It is often hard for new parents to know how long and how often newborn should sleep.But there is no schedule at first.Many newborns sleep much of the day and night waking only for feedings.
             Typically newborns sleep up to 16 to 18 hrs a day.Most babies don’t sleep throughout night up to 3 months of age.They wake up in 2-4 hrs of sleep during the first few weeks.
             After 3 months most babies begin to sleep for shorter period during the day and longer period at night,though they wake up in night to feed.
              Between 4 and 6 months most babies sleep 8 to 12 hrs throughout night

Baby sleep tips up to 3 months

              As said earlier sleep can be tough in first few weeks.But with the below tips we can make schedule for sleep

  • Take a nap 

                        Get a nap for your baby in every 2 hrs,otherwise baby may have trouble in falling sleep if you wait longer .

  • Distinguish between day and night 
  •   During day   
  •  Keep interacting with baby
  •  Don’t worry about the normal noises during day time
  • During night
  •  Keep lights dim
  •  Keep the noise levels down
  •  Don’t play with baby when he wakes up during night
  Understand signs of sleep

  •   Rubbing eyes
  •  Yawning
  •  Fussy
These signs helps us to understand the baby is tired and it is the time for nap.
                    Swaddling helps baby from being disturbed by her own reflex and thus it calms baby.It also gives the baby a sense of security.

How can you help your baby fall asleep?

      Establishing a routine at bed time is a good idea.However it is merely impossible in the first 3 months. But after 3 months we can plan a schedule.
     By about  3 months put your baby to bed  when he feels tired but awake.It will help baby to learn how to fall asleep without you,also without rocking or nursing.Otherwise he will need the same attention when he wake up in the middle of night.

Sleeping position

Putting baby to sleep on his/her back is the safest position.

         A well rested baby is a happy baby.
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